From Dock to Deep Sea


With an abundant ecosystem, coastal Georgia takes the bait for some of the best fishing anywhere in the country.

By Joe Rada

It can take years of experience—even for veteran fishermen—to learn exactly what they’ve reeled in. And when you’re fishing at Sea Island, which lies next to the largest salt marsh on the Eastern Seaboard, it could be a multitude of species, from red snapper to blackfin tuna, which call Georgia’s diverse coast home.

“The volume [of sport fishing excursions] we do here is amazing,” says Sea Island Director of Recreation and Resort Logistics Mike Kennedy, a 32-year veteran of fishing the local waters who has worked at the resort for 16 years and leads its team of seasoned recreational guides. “With eight captains working full time, we run about 2,500 fishing trips a year—one of our guides ran 419 last year—all through the inshore shallows, offshore for bottom fishing, and way out for deep-sea fun. … That’s not even counting all the fishing done from our docks, our beaches or our kayaks, where people don’t necessarily need a guide.” 

By whichever means and in whichever waters, chances are good you’ll hook a nice variety of fish, whether from land or boat.  

From the Dock 

Ladyfish can be found in local salt marshes. | Photo: TreesG Photography/

Novice anglers often start with dock fishing. Simply drop a baited line in the shallow water, lean on a wooden railing, wait for a nibble that makes your floating bobber dance and reel in your catch, usually something in the 2- to 12-pound range. 

“We can set you up to cast from the dock right outside [The Cloister],” Kennedy says. The dock extends over the Black Banks River, with its swaying salt marsh grasses, providing a perfect setting to get your feet wet with the sport. Two easy species to identify here are the aptly named redfish (due to its red color) and flounder (notably flat and with both eyes on one side of its head). If you snag a fish whose teeth look remarkably similar to human teeth, that is a sheepshead. 

Others commonly hooked from the dock include black drum, named for its habit of producing a drum-like croaking sound; spotted sea trout, also called speckled trout, a brownish-gray fish with faint black spots like freckles; and whiting, which has three delicate dorsal fins along its back, sides that can be yellowish, greenish or bluish, and a silvery-white belly.

Tarpon also ply tidal rivers like the Black Banks. Shaped like torpedoes with silver sides and blue-green tops, tarpon are incredibly strong, with a reputation as feisty fighters who pull hard on the line and leap into the air. 

Shoreline Sporting

Fly-fishing at Sea Island

When you’re ready to move on from dock fishing, board one of Sea Island’s fleet of vessels, perfect for exploring inshore and near-shore environments. “We have an 18-foot flats boat that holds two people, which can take people into the shallow marshes, and six 27-foot Rambos that take up to four people each to rivers and estuaries and islands nearby, or bottom-fishing a few miles out into the Atlantic,” Kennedy says. “… Or, we can provide a fly rod and a kayak, with a guide, and send you poking around the creeks and salt marshes close to the resort.”

Closest are the fish-attracting salt marshes, where expansive stands of tall spartina grass rise from nutrient-rich pluff mud in the tidal flats, rivers and estuaries that form along Georgia’s coast and barrier islands. Here, you’ll find the same species as from the dock but also ladyfish; bluefish; Atlantic tripletail, bluntly shaped fish with a trio of fins at their sterns; and schools of juvenile crevalle jack, whose tails sometimes break the surface in unison like a synchronized water ballet. 

A little farther offshore, fish gather around artificial reefs placed by the Coastal Resources Division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources. Made from piled chunks of recycled concrete or old barges, tugboats, battle tanks and subway cars resting on an otherwise flat and sandy stretch of ocean floor, the reefs serve as fish-luring habitats. 

Some reefs are as close as about 4 miles out, in water just 10 feet deep. Others are more like 25 miles out and as much as 75 feet deep. A few are more than 50 miles out and 170 feet deep. Each presents different fishing challenges and requires different choices of tackle. 

Georgia’s salt marshes attract numerous fish. | Photo: lphoto/

From these man-made reefs you might reel in a 6-pound Spanish mackerel, a prized fighter identifiable by three rows of elliptical yellow spots on its flanks; a 40-pound king mackerel, the Spanish mackerel’s much larger cousin covered with scales so small they’re almost invisible; bonito, whose name is Spanish for “pretty” and whose rigid fins are razor-sharp; cobia, which has the profile of a shark and is arguably one of the tastiest fish; or adult crevalle jack that can reach 70 pounds and the occasional sailfish. 

Also up to more than 50 miles out from the coast, eight decommissioned U.S. Navy towers that resemble small oil-drilling platforms rise above the water. Their steel legs, reaching 70 to 140 feet down to the sea floor, attract fish and, subsequently, boatloads of anglers. 

“The towers were built by the Navy in the 1980s for training fighter jet pilots,” says Cameron Brinton, a marine biologist with the Coastal Resources Division in the Georgia Department of Natural Resources. “The platforms held radio telemetry equipment used to triangulate positions on maneuvers. GPS technology came along and made them obsolete.” 

Brinton says there’s a plan to disassemble the towers and place the pieces on the ocean floor as more artificial fish habitat, so anyone who wants to fish around them while they’re still intact might want to do so soon. “Those towers attract plenty of fish, like red snapper, grouper, amberjack, mackerel, cobia, barracuda and a bunch more,” Kennedy adds. “People like fishing near the towers because they’re just so unusual, standing there so far from anything.”

Out at Sea

Redfish caught at Sea Island

Daylong “blue-water” excursions from the resort go more than 80 miles offshore, starting with the resort’s biggest boat, which can reach speeds of 50 knots. “We have a fast 39-foot Contender that holds six people and reaches the deepest waters and the biggest sport fish 82 miles out, where the continental shelf drops off and the Gulf Stream sweeps through,” Kennedy says. “That’s where the ocean bottom suddenly drops from a couple hundred to a couple thousand feet down, the water has a break along the strong Gulf Stream current. Out there, we target powerful fish like wahoo, blackfin tuna, sailfish, dolphinfish and marlin.” 

Blackfin tuna are oval-shaped with black backs and gleaming yellow highlights along their sides. The smallest tuna species, they still can reach about 46 pounds, much of it muscle that tests any angler’s abilities.  

A marlin has a long pointy bill pike a rapier and a stiff dorsal fin, and it can weigh more than 500 pounds. When a marlin goes airborne, it’s quite a sight. If you’re the one busy gripping the rod, you’ll hope someone else thinks to snap photos. 

As for dolphinfish, they’re not actual dolphins (call them mahi-mahi if it helps). They sport a dazzling array of colors—golden flanks, green backs, iridescent blue pectoral fins—and the males have prominently blunt foreheads sort of like a bulldog’s. 

“We promote a catch-and-release ethic, encouraging people to keep only what they plan to eat,” Kennedy says, adding that every Sea Island fishing trip is customized depending on what individuals or groups want: “If they just want to see dolphins, we put away the rods and go looking for dolphins.” 

Whatever your fishing pleasure turns out to be, the next time you catch, let’s say, a redfish or a flounder, be sure to hold it up and proclaim with confidence what it is.

Fresh Catch

Catching fish is one thing—cooking it is a whole different matter. If you decide to take the catch-and-release approach during your fishing outing, you can still enjoy the freshest catch for dinner, and without having to worry about cleaning and preparing it. Seafood selections at Sea Island are constantly changing as chefs take whatever fresh fish is available to them on any given day and decide how best to prepare it.

Grilled, roasted, seared, steamed, fried, served on a bed of grits or tucked into a sandwich—the options are endless. In addition to certain types of fish you might recognize from your fishing expedition, find lobster, scallops, mussels, crab, shrimp and other seafood.

By all means, ask your server for that day’s details at the Forbes Five-Star Georgian Room, Tavola, Southern Tide, the River Bar and other dining rooms. Let them know what a great day of fishing you had, and then trust the cooks to plate something delicious for you. 


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